The basics of speed training

King Sports

coaching Published about 1 year Ago

Before diving into the details of sprint mechanics, a coach needs to know how to coach speed, (more than just what the correct mechanics are). Speed can be hard or easy to coach depending on the athlete and situation.

  • With accomplished, elite athletes, details are more important, but not over-coaching. 

  • For young athletes and beginners, coaching is about repetition and fundamentals, as with any sports skill. Too much detail can overload their circuits, so finding the best word cues to streamline instructions is the hardest part. 

What does a young athlete hear when you give instructions? What does what a coach says to these athletes mean? If you have read these writings before, then you may already know that the distance from the ear to the brain to the body part that needs to be fixed is a very long way. To go along with that, CRC (Convert– Revert– Convert) is important to understand. 

There have been times when a young athlete has come in and I was able to correct some terrible running form in 20 minutes. That is the conversion from bad form to good form. That individual leaves, sleeps, and does other activities before they come back and they revert back to old habits. A few, but an unknown number of workouts later, they convert permanently to the correct form (CRC).

FIND YOUR PROGRAM


If you take a survey of coaches at a track meet and have them critique any given sprinter or sprinters, you would probably have a consensus of what the runners did well or did poorly. It has been my observation that although any coach can usually tell you what an athlete is doing wrong, they can't always tell you how to fix it. Many good drills are available, but I think the “why” you do this or that drill is far more important. 


We all know that practice makes permanent and that there are many good drills being executed poorly, therefore, permanently wrong habits are born. Understanding the why of sprinting and the details of the associated drills will make you a better coach and in turn produce better athletes.


So the original point is that you need to know how to coach speed if you are going to coach speed. 

Here are your takeaways

  1. Learn everything possible about correct speed mechanics and don’t stop learning! This will help you find flaws that others might have missed. 

  2. Learn as many drills (for correcting errors) as possible. Every drill may not work for everyone. You are the problem solver, find solutions. 

  3. Don’t over coach. TMI is a big mistake. Too much information can overload an athlete's circuit. I call it “flushing out bad technique.” If they aren’t getting it, keep them running and work on one toe or finger at a time. They’ll get it eventually.

Style vs. Technique. You must accept the fact that there are athletes who are just flat-out gifted and can run fast and use a good technique you would never teach. If their unique style is fast, leave it alone, period. My 2002 Male old Olympic Medalist in the Skeleton was like that. His leg cycle was terrible, but it was gold medal fast. I didn’t touch it.


FIND YOUR PROGRAM

Leave a Comment:

You need to log in or sign up to comment.

Recent Posts

Speed Training Themes

This week, Coach King will educate on speed training themes. The themes influence everything you do in a day and plan out your week.

High Speed 110s

Coach King talks about speed training and why this speed drill is a must!

Best Youth Training Styles

This week, Coach King shares the three features of different styles that are best for training youth.

Coaching the 40-Start

Building on our previous blog post "There's Money in the 40" published a few weeks ago, Coach King takes us further in to the 40 yard dash start this week with step-by-step details to properly coach its execution.

Recommended Playbooks

Year Round Youth Speed
Speed Intro
Year Round Any Weights
Intro to Strength
Summer Elite Speed
Summer Speed Training
Off-Season Any Speed
40 Yard Dash Challenge